ACNE | Types of Acne How To Treat Them, Pimple Problems

What is Acne ?

Your skin has tiny pores or tiny holes that become blocked by the dead skin bacteria oil and dirt. When these pores are blocked you may develop a pimple. If these pimples are on a repetitive occurrence, you may have the condition called ACNE.

In simple words acne is a skin condition that is caused by pimples.

Acne is such a skin condition that is very common. Despite being very common acne does not have a very serious impact on your healthy life, but sometimes it can be painful particularly if you have a very severe acne and may also make you feel shy of public appearances which may lead to depression and anxiety.

If you have acne. No needs to worry acne nowadays have a lot of treatment and effective measures that can reduce your pimples and minimise the the chances of worsening the condition.



Types of acne.

Acne maybe non inflammatory acne or inflammatory acne.

1- Non inflammatory acne

Non inflammatory acne includes blackheads and whiteheads. Blackheads are open pores and whiteheads are closed pores.

  • Blackheads occur when a pore is clogged or blocked by a combination of dead skins and sebum. The entire pore is blocked despite the top of the pore that remains open. As a resultant black colour is seen on the surface and it is known as a black head.

  • White head can be a form when the pore is blocked by Sebum and dead skin cells but in this condition the top pore of the white head is also closed and their is no opening thus it is known as a white head. White heads are more difficult to be treated then black pores because white poles are completely closed.
Products that contain salicylic acids can be helpful to reduce whiteheads.

2- Inflammatory acne.

Pimples that are red and swollen are known as inflammatory acne. In inflammatory acne dead skin cells are sebum is involved but bacteria may also be involved in closing the pores and this bacteria can also cause infection deep beneath the surface of the skin which me result in a very painful acne. That may be hard to remove.

Inflammatory acne may include the following :-

  • Papules : These are red small raised bumps caused by infected hair follicles.
  • Pustules : These are red pimples that have pus in them.
  • Nodules : These are solid and painful lumps that are developed beneath the surface of the skin.
  • Cysts : These are large lumps underneath the skin that contains pass and are very painful.

Symptoms of Acne

Acne may be found on any part of the body but commonly they are found on your

  • face or neck.
  • Shoulders.
  • Chest.
  • Back.

Along with acne you may also find

  • Skin discoloration that includes spots and dark patches around the area.
  • Redness around the area.
  • Swelling and inflammation.
  • Pain and tenderness when touched.

Remember if you have a pimple do not pop or squeeze it as it may cause more severity. Once a pimple is developed let it stay for a few days and it will completely disappear. Treatments must be taken only if the acne or condition is worsening and is not healing by it self.

What causes Acne ?

Acne may occurs when the poles of your skin are blocked or clogged with dead skin bacteria or with oil. Each pore of the skin is opened to a follicle which is made up of Sebaceous gland and hair. This oil gland releases an oil known as sebum that transfers up to the air on to your skin and is responsible to keep the skin lubricant and soft.

Any miss happening or disruption in this lubrication process leads to acne.

This condition may occur when : 

  • The follicle produces too much oil.
  • There is a lot of bacterial in the pores
  • the dead skin cells are accumulated in the pores.

Any of these conditions may lead to pimple causing skin which can be developed when bacteria grow and may cause an acne 

What are the risk factors for developing acne ?

There are number of factors that can increase the chances of developing acne they are

  • smoking cigarette.
  • Poor sleep.
  • Hormonal changes due to puberty or pregnancy.
  • Some products like creams moisturizer.
  • PCOS.
  • A family history of acne.
  • Some medications like birth control or hormonal control pills.
  • Steroids.
  • Unhygienic lifestyle may also lead to increase of pimples and eventually acne.

There is a high risk of developing acne during puberty at this time your body undergoes a lot of hormonal changes. These changes can increase the oil production and may lead to Acne.

Treatment for Acne.

Treatment may differ depending on the severity.

1- Mild.

You can use over the counter (OTC) medicated creams cleansers and spot treatments to reduce your pimples as they pop.

Common ingredients may include some acne creams and gels.

  • Salicylic acid – This ingredient helps exfoliate your skin to prevent the pores from getting cloud with acne causing bacteria.
  • Benzoyl peroxide -This ingredient dry out the existing pimples and stops the new once from forming and also kills the bacteria that causes acne.

2- Moderate.

If there is still acne after using the OTC acne treatment for a few weeks. You should consider reaching out to a professional for this treatment.

A dermatologist must prescribe you some medications that may help you reduce your acne and prevent scoring. A dermatologist may recommend you.

  • Prescription strength benzoly peroxide.
  • Retinoids such as retinol.
  • And antibiotics, but you should only use antibiotics for a short time so that your body doesn’t become resistance and may cause more infection.

3- Severe

For a severe acne. Healthcare professional or a dermatologist. May recommend you the combination of treatments.

  • Oral antibiotics.
  • Benzoyl peroxide.
  • Topical antibiotics
  • Topicals retinoids.

How to Prevent Acne

It is not completely impossible to prevent acne but by taking these steps at home you may help yourself lower the chance of getting pimples or acne. Try some of these steps.

  • Try an OTC acne cleaner to help remove the access oil on the skin surface.
  • Avoid skin care and makeup products that have oil in them.
  • Wash and shower your face after exercising.
  • Avoid tight fitting clothes, hats, headbands that cover break out poor areas.
  • Take steps to reduce stress.
  • Wash your face daily with oil free cleansers.
  • Use water based makeup products. That will help you clean your pores.
  • Always remove makeup and clean all the skin before your bed.
  • Tie back your hair and avoid it from falling on your face.
  • Stay Hydrated.
  • Eat a balanced diet.

Products can use To Try Remove Acne

1- Clearica – Anti Acne Pimple removal Cream – This anti-acne cream is carefully formulated using the combination of high-performance plant-based ingredients and our Penta Phyto process. Our cream does not treat Cystic Acne.

2- Neutrogena Rapid Clear Stubborn Acne Spot Treatment Gel – Neutrogena Rapid Clear Stubborn Acne Spot Gel with maximum-strength 10% benzoyl peroxide acne fighting ingredient to help fight acne and prevent future breakouts for clearer looking skin.

3- Neutrogena rapid clear acne eliminating spot gel – is a maximum strength acne treatment that clears breakouts fast and helps prevent emerging breakouts before they become visible. This breakthrough formula features micro clear, a proprietary technology with microspheres containing a powerful acne fighting medicine that penetrates through plugged pores and gets deep into pores.

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